Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British affect on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. pidžame It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night apparel, and it is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a fantastic a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal pidžame furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture made of comfortable fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-very first century These are instead unusual.
Modern pajamas are derived from pidžame classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by children, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as being a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume major around shorts or short pants.
Pajamas might these days consult with Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.